The list of development programme in our organization is vast. We are working since 1996 in every sector of rural development and spreading awareness regarding medicinal plant cultivation.
India's soul lives in villages. Knowledge enlightens the life of human being. Every human being has a right to acquire knowledge life irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex. HCMS has set a target to erudite every farmer in view of environment responsive sustainable agriculture to ensure a better life for them and their family.
HCMS is extending its support to the farmers of the working area and benefiting them by providing sustainable agriculture literacy to them in terms of facilitation in all kind ofcultivation viz. Multi‐crop cultivation, Modern agriculture techniques, Organic farming, Vermicomposting, Drip Irrigation, Jatropha & Medicinal Plant Cultivation, Cropping Pattern, Preventing Soil Loss and Reducing Water Waste etc.
1. ORGANIC FARMING
The organization encourages the practice of organic farming all over India mainly Rajasthan, an method of farming system which is primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way, so as to keep the soil fertile by use of organic wastes (crop, cattle wastes like cow dung, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (bio‐fertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increasing sustainable production in an eco‐friendly pollution free environment.
The Unique organic agriculture model of the HCMS initiated in the year 2003, after the first ever organic agriculture 2 days workshop held in Lalpura, Bassi. Here model organic farm is under processing. The main aim of the organic agriculture model is to disseminate newer organic agriculture trends and techniques throughout INDIA.
2. AGRO FORESTRY
HCMS's Agro forestry program is the combination of agriculture and forest plantation; where forestry means to fulfill fruit, fuel timber and fodder demand, whereas agriculture means to fulfill the Grain demand. The routine tasks in Agro forestry models includes ‐ Nursery rising of the fruit species, forest species and medicinal plants and further it includes ‐ plantation of the fuel and timber wood and pasture development in the wastelands. These sustainable models are very helpful and presently required for the regeneration of the ecology. These models will also include the sustainable use of the forest produce by increasing the income of the rural populace. Plantation has started adding income from year to year. The benefit of developed Pasture land is producing fodder which is a boon to the cattle rearers of the project area. So now, possibilities of Livestock development are enlarged by its efforts. In turn, Livestock rearing is producing organic manure & which is helpful for increasing the fertility of the soil and the production as well.
3. FORMATION AND FUNCTIONING OF FARMERS CLUB
With support of NABARD, HCMS formed Farmer clubs to address to the current and prevalent farm‐led issues through capacity building trainings & workshops. These workshops and training programs were conducted by the Agri‐scientists of HCMS in the context where husbands and sons are forced to migrate to the cities for work while the women remain behind to hold the family together, often with very little income or food to feed their families. Massive corporate agriculture and the cost of pesticides and genetically engineered seeds have put many small farmers out of business. In order to survive, organic farming has become a must.
HCMS joined hands with the pro‐poor & budding farmers who wish to establish themselves as agri‐preneurs. The innovation ranges from testing & treatment of Land for Organic farming to Linking wholesale & retail buyers and sellers directly by creating a common platform as Farmer clubs for the Organic Agri Products which will not only generate sustainable livelihood to the farmers but it will also act like a boon for environment.
4. SOIL AND WATER QUALITY DEGRADATION
Large‐scale, corporate‐owned agriculture is destroying traditional family farming in India. Genetically engineered crops are putting small farmers out of business. Pesticides and chemical fertilizers are degrading the soil and increasing the cost of farming. Indigenous seeds & produce are becoming extinct.
The organization observed & felt an immediate need of innovation –led project by carrying out research study on the agriculture land of Bassi. The research study highlighted that with the purpose of meeting domestic demands & supplies of the production, the overburden was given to the farmers which has resulted as decrease in soil ph value, decrease in soil moisture content, day by day decrease in ground water level, decrease in soil nutrients, soil disease, affect to human health, climate change & Global warming etc.
HCMS realized that we should start taking initiatives to overcome these problems by providing the treatment to soil and water initially and thereafter convince farmers to switch to organic farming for long run benefits of income generation, besides assisting them in backward & forward market linkages.
5. MINIMUM BUDGET FARMING
Government focus on zero budget farming but according to poor condition of soil and other climatic condition first we have to focus on how to minimize the investment in crop like purchasing of seeds, fertilizer and other agriculture inputs. For this point, our organization is focused on minimum budget farming. Because as slowly the productivity of soil increases the investment regarding maintain land will be less. In addition, if investment in agriculture is less than farmer move towards earning some profit.
Government has also launched schemes and budget by which farmer can minimize their investment in agriculture. In this Budget, there was a marginal increase in budget of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, however Rs 9,905.65 crore was allocated in surplus for chemical fertilizers.
"The climate is changing and the need of the hour is to promote organic farming. But it is practically impossible to do zero budget farming.The agricultural machinery is too expensive and where are the laborers? In such a scenario, zero budget farming is just a fancy, designer word," said an agro-scientist working with a government agricultural institute. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman stressed on Zero Budget Farming while presenting the Budget for this financial year. She said this will help in doubling farmers' income by 2022.
When naturally micro fauna and flora maintained in soil means minimum number of microorganism, earthworms and natural humus develop in soil. These are essential things required for soil fertility, which are destroy by over use chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Hence according to present scenario farmer should focus on minimum budget farming.